As sure as kids return to school each fall in the U.S., bullying will be encountered.
Assertive responses are particularly effective in countering bullying because the child who masters this type of direct communication demonstrates that a bully’s attacks will be answered in a calm but formidable way. Finding the initial target too difficult provoke, the bully will most often move on.
Here are some tips on preventing and combating bullying:
Showing strength does not mean flexing muscles or challenging a bully to fight. Rather, speaking with a confident, even voice and standing an appropriate distance from the bully (not in their face, not cowering back). Encourage your child to look a bully directly in the eye. Making eye contact is one of the best ways that young people can demonstrate strength to a bully.
Tell a Trustworthy Adult
The main strategy of a child who bullies is to make his victim feel alone and powerless. The best way for a child to counter that strategy is to tell a helpful adult about what is going on and ask for that adult’s support.
Sometimes adults fail to acknowledge the seriousness of bullying, but more often, grown-ups are not aware of what is going on. These days, intimidators use non-classroom time, including the internet, to bully their peers. It is a kid’s job to bring these behind-the-scenes methods to light and to tell adults about the bullying.
Many kids worry that they will be called a “tattletale” if they tell an adult what is going on. Guess what? That is exactly what the bully wants his/her target to think! A child who bullies others specifically aims to make his victim feel all alone and powerless. When kids tell an adult about what is happening and get their support, they regain their voice!
If your child has tried to manage a bullying situation on his own, but has been unsuccessful in stopping the bullying, reassure him that telling an adult is the next step and the most powerful thing he can do.
In the heat of an encounter with a physically, verbally or emotionally aggressive bully, it can be very challenging for a child to respond effectively. When kids learn and practice assertive phrases for standing up to bullies, they become well-equipped to handle incidents of conflict and bullying with their peers.
Parents and educators can teach, rehearse and role model short, to-the-point, assertive phrases that let others know that they will not participate in their bullying, nor will they be bullied, such as:
- “Knock it off.” or “Cut it out.”
- “I like the way I look.”
- “That was not funny.” or “What you said was not funny—it was mean.”
- “Friends don’t do that to friends.”
The important thing to remember about assertive phrases is that they do not put down or attack the bully, which is never a good idea. These are simply brief, assertive statements used to stand up to bullies and stop bullying behavior.
Dealing with it Now
One of the biggest mistakes people make when they are up against a bully is to ignore repeated bullying and hope that the problem will go away. While bullying usually begins in a relatively mild form — name calling, teasing or minor physical aggression — it often becomes more serious when the bully realizes that his victim is not going to stand up for himself. The longer a bully has power over a victim, the stronger the hold becomes. Taking action against the bully — and taking it sooner rather than later — is the best way to gain and retain power.
Again, Martial Arts and bullying prevention programs teach children how to stay safe in an increasingly dangerous world. By empowering your child to learn self-defense, you acknowledge the serious safety threats that your child may face and are making sure they have the confidence and skills needed to stand tall against bullying behavior – both online and in their everyday lives.